Reasons for India-China border standoff


“Confident India and China will find way out” comes the remarks of Russian embassy’s deputy chief of mission, Roman Babushkin.

In the backdrop of the current India-China military standoff along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Ladakh. The standoff commenced on 5th May 2020 where soldiers clashed at Pangong Tso lake followed by skirmishes on 10th May in Muguthang Valley in Sikkim. Annihilating peace, Chinese soldiers intruded into the Indian territory of Galwan Valley objecting 255km Darbuk-Shyok-Daulat Beg Oldi Road constructed by Border Roads Organisation (BRO) near the China border. This is not the first time China is trespassing on Indian territory. Since 2015, more than 1000 times Chinese soldiers have encroached on Indian soil. In 2020 alone, China intruded 174 times into our soil.

What can be the probable reasons for this Chinese move? Is this only because of the road construction or anything else? Is China trying to deviate the world's view from the COVID-19 pandemic? Let’s check.

Most of the countries are disgruntled with China for hiding facts related to the outspread of COVID-19. Countries are indignant at the moves of WHO which appreciated China for its efforts in quashing the Coronavirus epidemic and also for deferring the release of statements on nature and the spread of the novel Coronavirus. Recently 100+ countries including India, Russia, UK, etc backed a European union and Australia drafted a resolution at the World Health Assembly (WHA) for an independent inquiry into the coronavirus pandemic is indirectly a blow to China.

China’s new move along LAC is to digress countries from certain laws made by China and USA.


1.    Ethnic Unity Law: This law passed in January by the People's Congress aims at Sinicization (bringing non-Chinese people under ruling Han Chinese) of Tibetan people.


2.    Hong Kong Human Rights Bill: the US considers a bill putting sanctions against Chinese and Hongkong officials for human rights violations in Hongkong.


3.    Uighur Muslims Human Rights Bill: USA considers a bill empowering the US president putting sanctions on China for human rights violations in Xinjiang province.



4. US bill recognizing Tibet as an independent nation: This bill warns China from interfering in the selection of new Dalai Lama. Bill aims at constructing a US consulate in Tibet.


  Apart from this on April 18, India took a significant step of amending its FDI policy to make prior governmental approval mandatory for foreign investments from countries that share land boundaries with India to curb ‘opportunistic takeover’ of domestic firms at a time when COVID-19 pandemic is upending the rules of the economic game worldwide. The decision came after China’s Central Bank, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) had raised its shareholding in HDFC Bank to over 1% compared to that of 0.8%  in March 2019.


China is directly encroaching our soil and indirectly using Nepal to create tensions. Both countries have commenced diplomatic and bilateral talks. Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a meeting with Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Chief of Defence Staff Bipin Rawat and National Security Advisor Ajit Doval. Both the countries rejected the US proposal of mediation in order to stop tensions with bilateral talks. India’s main focus right now is on tackling the COVID-19 pandemic. In spite of this, military deployment from both sides do not show any sign of abating. Bilateral talks are indispensable to retain the tranquillity and sovereignty of both countries.  Let's hope for a peaceful end to this issue.


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