Jewellery is one of the finest forms of art. India has always held a high status in the imperial world of jewellery.
It was adorned by Kings and Queens in ancient time, to depict royalty and prosperity. There's a wide range of jewellery to beautify ourselves be it hairpin, necklace or anklets.
The use of jewellery traces its origin in India for more than 5000 years ago, at the time of the great epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. Indus Valley Civilization acknowledges the traces of ancient Indian jewellery. Initially, jewellery was simple, made from beads, strings, and stone, later on, people learnt to make ornaments and jewellery from metals.
Also, India was the first one to mine diamonds.
History and tradition have culminated various forms of Indian jewellery that we see today. The Indian jewellery tradition is interesting because of the different reasons they are worn. They beautify us, they provide roots to the old age traditions and values.
Jewellery is made from a wide range of materials like gold, silver, enamel, and many more. They're a status symbol because of its material properties, patterns and meaningful symbols.
Gold and silver are the metals widely used in jewellery because of its malleable property. As gold is one of the most precious metals, silver is used for economic reasons or to obtain a chromatic effect.
We also find a wide range of work with gems and stones in.
Gems and stones include Navratnas, the nine gems of Indian Jewellery. Navratna jewellery is mostly worn by Raja and Maharajas. The nine gems symbolise the nine Hindu deities. Collection of 9 gems include — Diamond, Emerald, Ruby, Pearl, Topaz, Cats Eye, Sapphire, Coral, and Red Zircon.
Jewellery in India has ethical and cultural roots, there are strong beliefs associated with them like Mangalsutra, it is only worn by married women, and there is a strong belief among women that it safeguards the life of their husbands. Nosepin, Anklets, Toe rings are also worn by married women because of the cultural beliefs associated with them and also as a token of love and respect.
The charm of Indian jewellery has captivated the hearts of almost every Indian. Any jewellery after 1997 is considered as contemporary and this jewellery is more sophisticated and subtle than the jewellery designs of the past. In recent years jewellery design and production have been benefitted greatly by the use of technology. CAD, in particular, has made jewellery design to new levels of complexity, intricacy, and beauty. Thus, we can say the journey of jewellery has overcome a variety of change from tradition to modern form.